Development ideas of modern logistics industrial c

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Thoughts on the development of modern steel logistics industry chain

steel logistics industry is an industry with development space, which can be regarded as a sunrise industry in China. In 2011, China's crude steel output was nearly 700 million tons, plus nearly 650 million tons of imported iron ore and more than 1.2 billion tons of domestic raw ore production, the freight volume generated by steel production reached about 4 billion tons, and the scale of steel logistics was huge. Nowadays, all kinds of steel processing centers, steel logistics parks, steel trading markets, steel supermarkets and so on are springing up all over the country. Steel trading enterprises, steel manufacturers; Railway, shipping; Central enterprises, state-owned enterprises, private enterprises; People from provinces and cities, districts and counties are surging, and there are thousands of horses rushing to logistics. They all want to eat the fat meat of steel logistics

Under the rapid development of high costs, it should be said that the steel logistics industry is an industry with development space, which can be regarded as a sunrise industry in China. In 2011, China's crude steel output was nearly 700 million tons, plus nearly 650 million tons of imported iron ore and more than 1.2 billion tons of domestic raw ore production, the freight volume generated by steel production reached about 4 billion tons, and the scale of steel logistics was huge. It is estimated that the total logistics volume of China's steel industry in 2010 reached about 5trillion yuan, an increase of 21.4% over the previous year. This is indeed a huge market with huge economic benefits

it is driven by interests that many steel trading enterprises are transforming to enter the steel logistics industry. For a time, a large number of steel logistics parks, steel cities and steel markets have sprung up, and Fujian steel traders alone have established more than 150 steel markets across the country. Statistics show that at present, the number of steel circulation enterprises in China is as high as more than 200000, and there are more than 830 steel markets. There are more than 2000 steel logistics parks if they meet the two conditions of having processing, storage and transportation functions and having merchants settled in. Nowadays, domestic large and medium-sized steel enterprises and distributors have set foot in steel logistics park projects, showing a trend of blooming everywhere

in recent years, while China's steel logistics industry has developed rapidly, the cost of steel logistics has always been high. According to the logistics statistical survey conducted by relevant state departments in key enterprises nationwide, the logistics costs of key steel enterprises increased by 20% year-on-year. According to this calculation, the logistics cost of iron and Steel Enterprises above designated size increased by 85.3 billion yuan over 2009. Among them, the transportation cost increased by 9.3% year-on-year; The management cost increased by 15.5% year-on-year; The storage cost increased by 24.1% year-on-year, which directly affected the growth of enterprise logistics cost by 6.7 percentage points. Among the custody costs, the interest cost increased by 20.6% year-on-year, with the most prominent increase. In 2010, the logistics cost rate of China's iron and steel industry was 11.2%, a decrease of 0.8 percentage points over the previous year, but the logistics cost rate of the iron and steel industry is still at a high level of the surveyed enterprises, 1.5 percentage points higher than the average level of all industrial enterprises surveyed. The logistics cost of steel is much higher than that of foreign countries. For example, in 2010, the logistics cost rate of Japanese steel enterprises was 6.2%, 5 percentage points lower than that of China. If it reaches the level of Japan, China's iron and Steel Enterprises above designated size can save logistics costs in 2010. Copper powder, as an important field in the copper deep processing chain, is 276.5 billion yuan

on the one hand, the steel logistics industry is developing rapidly, and steel logistics parks are rising one after another; On the one hand, the logistics cost of steel is high and difficult to decline. What problems does this reflect until sintering occurs? Should we pour some cold water on the construction of the steel logistics park in full swing

According to the survey, the current iron and steel logistics industry chain is chaotic, information asymmetry, low concentration, as well as the scale and organization of circulation enterprises are low, and the competitiveness is not strong. In particular, the definition of logistics category is vague, and there is a lack of clear industrial positioning. The logistics industry is still a policy for a department and a policy for a region. There are many problems of low-grade repeated construction and homogeneous competition, resulting in the chaos, dispersion, low, empty, empty and empty phenomenon of the steel logistics industry. Some steel trading enterprises do not really engage in logistics when establishing the steel market (steel logistics park), while some are enclosure for real estate and financing, and the construction of steel logistics park is just a tool for financing arbitrage

a steel trader explained the purpose of steel trading enterprises in building the steel market: first, to engage in real estate; second, to engage in financing and usury. The local government granted a piece of land to the steel traders as the steel market, and the steel traders took this land as collateral to apply for credit from the bank

after obtaining bank credit, the steel market will attract other steel traders to settle in. Steel traders then take the steel market as a guarantee and get loans from banks. The only criterion for steel traders to run the steel market is not the prosperity of steel trade, but the financing ability of the steel market. For this kind of fake logistics, we should consider the development of steel logistics industry from the perspective of understanding modern logistics. There are essential differences between modern logistics and traditional logistics. In addition to transportation, warehousing, distribution, processing and other functional elements, modern logistics industry should also have the role of resource allocation, quasi financial function and high informatization. Therefore, modern logistics is a comprehensive service industry with resource allocation as the center, quasi financial function and high informatization characteristics. As a landmark model in the steel logistics industry, the steel logistics park should be a new steel logistics park integrating steel storage, processing and distribution, steel trading, steel distribution, e-commerce, bank credit, network communication and other functions, realizing the functions of scale, standardization, intensification, informatization and so on

take steel processing and distribution, one of the core functions of the steel logistics park. At present, the proportion of steel processing in the total circulation in China is very low, only about 10%, and the level is low, the scale is small, and the ability is weak, resulting in a low yield and utilization rate of steel, and the added value of steel cannot be improved. Steel trade is still the main business of most steel markets. Although some steel markets (3) have improved the development and technological progress of engineering plastics and built processing and distribution production lines, the level of technology and equipment is low, mainly cutting and leveling, which cannot meet the needs of downstream customers. The automation level of steel processing is low, and the proportion of deep processing is only 10% - 15%, which is far lower than the proportion of 50% in developed countries, resulting in the low utilization rate of steel in China, the added value of steel itself has not been effectively improved, and the linkage development of steel logistics and manufacturing industry has not been achieved. The change-over switch should be turned to the loading file

in addition, some investors do not focus on the financial services and investment guarantee functions of the steel logistics industry to develop the steel logistics industry and steel trade, improve logistics efficiency and reduce logistics costs, but are used for transforming industries, such as the real estate industry, catering industry, or for stock speculation and futures speculation; Some owners of logistics parks or steel markets even engage in usury, instead of focusing on logistics management, logistics information, logistics talent training and value-added services, resulting in low efficiency of steel logistics operations and low technical level, making it difficult to provide comprehensive logistics services for large enterprises

moreover, at present, many domestic steel logistics parks, steel markets and other logistics carriers cannot keep up with the rapid development of e-commerce. Some steel logistics parks and steel markets have not established e-commerce platforms based on interconnection, e-commerce, banking, identity authentication and other technologies, and some have not established professional, safe Efficient steel spot trading platform system, including information release system, basic trading business system, pledge credit supervision business system, etc. The construction of e-commerce platforms in logistics parks and steel markets lags behind

in a word, compared with the real modern steel logistics parks, the steel logistics parks that are blooming all over the country at present have obvious gaps in service functions, organization and management, steel deep processing and other aspects, which cannot be called modern steel logistics. In China, there is still a long way to go to realize the real modern steel logistics industry, even not so smooth

there are deviations in understanding

we should speed up the construction and development of a real modern steel logistics industry. This is a complex system project involving the upstream and downstream industrial chain. It is by no means as simple as circling a piece of land, building several cranes, allocating several trucks, and installing several cutting machines. Luo Baihui, CEO of Jinmo and Secretary General of the International Mold Association, said that at present, there are deviations in people's understanding of the logistics industry. They do not know what kind of industry the modern steel logistics industry should be, and there are cognitive defects. Coupled with the incorrect guiding ideology of some steel traders, they engage in fake logistics, really enclose land, and use the logistics park as a tool to encircle money today, so it is difficult to build a modern steel logistics

we must improve the access threshold for the construction of steel logistics parks and steel markets, and establish technical standards for the steel logistics industry

it is reported that at present, the relevant departments have established the key technical standard subject of steel logistics according to the spirit of the notice of the 2010 national standard revision plan issued by the National Standardization Management Committee. This subject will study and formulate several key standards, such as the steel logistics operation specification and the steel logistics inspection operation specification. Through the establishment of steel logistics standard system, we can realize the symmetry of steel logistics consumption and production information, realize the integrated effect of the whole process of steel logistics supply chain, and realize the perfect operation system of steel logistics. This will play an important role in improving the operation efficiency and social benefits of China's steel logistics, and has a very important strategic significance for the healthy and orderly development of the steel logistics industry

at present, the operation mode in the field of steel logistics industry is too traditional, and the technical equipment is backward. More steel logistics enterprises are in the lower level operation stage of connection, manual operation and manual loading and unloading. There is a lack of innovation in the form of iron and steel circulation, which basically follows the way of batch purchase and sales or takes the way of one hand in and one hand out, does not pay attention to the management of the supply chain, ignores the extension of the service chain, the vertical and horizontal logistics are cut off, and the internal production, supply and marketing departments of the enterprise are still set up separately. Production logistics, supply logistics and sales logistics are divided in the process of production, supply and marketing. In the process of logistics, transportation, warehousing, recycling, processing and other departments are set up separately, and this single logistics cannot form a systematic logistics. Therefore, the function of steel logistics park must be improved. The functional planning of steel logistics park should be determined according to the strategic positioning and service scope of the park. Comprehensively improve the function of the steel logistics park and develop to the real modern steel logistics industry

in addition, there is a serious shortage of professionals engaged in the steel logistics industry in China, especially high-quality management personnel. At present, there is an urgent need to cultivate a group of compound talents who not only understand operation and management, have a deep understanding and grasp of modern steel circulation services, but also understand professional skills such as software management systems, electronic transactions, financial services, investment guarantees, processing and distribution

the state should also give policy support. Insiders pointed out that the logistics industry must be guided and helped from the perspective of the government in order to completely alleviate this contradiction. Because the high-tech industry is a large profit-making and tax payer, the government has the obligation to help enterprises solve the construction problems of logistics and other infrastructure, and provide support for the logistics industry. Such as setting up special funds to promote the development of logistics industry, from the financial

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