The rise of a powerful automobile country: from having nothing to being on a par with the world
China's sales of new energy vehicles took the lead in the world
this is the first time that the Red Flag brand has appeared in Frankfurt auto show, and the 2.3 interface and program controlled turnover has reappeared on the international auto show stage after nearly 60 years of participation in Leipzig auto show. Over the past 60 years, the Red Flag brand has experienced ups and downs, but it has always been indomitable, just like Chinese cars. The Soviet Union's assistance in construction, building cars behind closed doors, joint ventures and cooperation, and independent research and development... From following to matching, from learning to leading, China's automobile industry has achieved a glorious process of growing from nothing and gradually becoming powerful. It is not only the dream of red flag, but also the dream of a nation to build Chinese cars and create Chinese car brands. Today, Chinese people not only have their own cars, but also have their own car brands. They have been the No. 1 in global car sales for 10 consecutive years, and are in the forefront of the world in terms of electrification, smart connectivity, lightweight and so on
5g era, the opportunity for Chinese automobile to lead the world is coming
start: mainly commercial vehicles, supplemented by sedans
in 1949, new China was founded, and the motherland, which had undergone the baptism of war, was in ruins. In december1949, when Chairman Mao Zedong visited Stalin automobile factory in Moscow, he saw that cars on the production line were assembled off the assembly line. He said to his entourage, "we should also have such a big factory!" This sentence has opened the glorious course of China's automobile industryOn July 15, 1953, FAW held a foundation laying ceremony in Changchun. In just three years, on July 14, 1956, the first batch of 12 Jiefang CA10 trucks came off the production line, officially ending the history of "China can not make cars" In 1956, when the Central Committee held a meeting of the Political Bureau, Mao Zedong said, "it would be great if we could take a car made by ourselves when we hold a meeting one day!" This sentence aroused the enthusiasm of the auto workers for making cars. On may12,1958, China's first small car, code named ca71, drove off the production line. According to Mao Zedong's "speech at the Moscow Conference of the Communist parties and workers' parties of various countries" that "east wind prevails over West Wind", this car was named "east wind"
less than one and a half months after the birth of Dongfeng ca71, FAW put forward the plan of manufacturing high-end cars. "Take the east wind, show the red flag, and take out a limousine on August 1 to see Chairman Mao!" This is a sentence that the older generation of FAW people are familiar with. In 1958, after five rounds of improvement, the red flag car code named ca72 was officially born
in addition to Dongfeng and Hongqi, the "Jinggangshan" brand cars of BAIC and the "Fenghuang" brand cars of Shanghai automobile assembly plant (later renamed Shanghai brand) are also full of the wisdom and enthusiasm of Chinese automobile workers. However, due to the needs of production and construction at that time, the state focused on the development of commercial vehicles. In 1959, the total output of automobiles in China was 19600, including 13600 trucks. In addition to the earliest Jiefang Truck, the Yellow River JN150 produced by Jinan Auto Parts Factory fills the gap that there is no heavy truck in China. From R & D to batch processing, the location and quantity of the extrudates of the two extruders in the coextrusion structure can be quickly changed. Behind the successful trial production of the Yellow River JN150, countless industrial workers spent four years beating hard
at this stage, China's automobile industry mainly manufactures trucks. On the one hand, it meets the needs of war preparedness, and on the other hand, it also serves the economic construction. In addition to the earliest FAW, BAIC, SAIC, second automobile (now Dongfeng Automobile) and other automobile enterprises have emerged one after another
development: the reform and opening up has brought about a new concept of joint venture. After more than 20 years of self-reliance, although China has established an independent manufacturing system for the automotive industry, it has drifted away from the development trend of the world automotive industry. With the important decision of reform and opening up made at the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China in 1978, this situation has undergone earth shaking changes
the reform and opening up has promoted the rapid integration of China's automobile industry with the world. After seeing many new technologies of overseas automobile enterprises, Chinese automobile enterprises have clearly realized the gap between themselves and the international automobile powers. The pollution caused by the process of using FAW as the plastic granulator is often an important source of China's environmental pollution. Chinese automobile enterprises, the main ones, began to seek technical cooperation with overseas automobile enterprises. In june1982, Deng Xiaoping made a written instruction that "cars can be joint ventures" when refuelling and receiving electricity, paving the way for car joint ventures. Among the numerous Chinese automobile manufacturers, BAIC Motor Corporation took the lead in technical cooperation
after four years of Marathon joint venture negotiations, on May 5, 1983, BAIC Motor Corporation and American Motor Corporation (AMC) signed an agreement in the Great Hall of the people to establish Beijing jeep. This is the first joint venture in the history of China's automobile industry. It has opened a new era of China's automobile industry - the era of joint ventureOn October 10, 1984, Raobin, chairman of the board of directors of the Chinese automobile company, known as the "father of China's automobile industry", and Dr. Hahn, chairman of the German Volkswagen, signed an agreement in the Great Hall of the people to establish Shanghai Volkswagen (now SAIC Volkswagen). Shanghai Volkswagen, with 50% shares held by both Chinese and foreign parties, became a model for Chinese joint venture car enterprises. Before the establishment of the joint venture, the Santana sedan, which will be popular in the future, has been offline. On march15,1985, Guangzhou Peugeot, China's third joint venture automobile company, was officially established. At that time, the domestic car supply was very small, and the sales of Peugeot 505 was very hot after it was listed, so it was difficult to find a car
in addition to establishing joint ventures, some automobile companies have also adopted the method of technology introduction to cooperate with foreign automobile enterprises. The most famous are the models introduced by Tianjin automobile from Dafa Automobile - Xiali and Tianjin Dafa
during this period, joint ventures and cooperation surged. FAW Volkswagen, Shanghai GM (now SAIC GM), DPCA and other joint ventures that will be influential in China's automobile market in the future have been established one after another. Santana, Jetta and Fukang are popular in the streets and lanes. They are absolutely popular. People call them the "old three"
at that time, Chinese people believed that the market could change to technology, while foreign investors believed that China was the last auto profiteering market in the world
take off: cars really enter the family
despite the continuous emergence of joint venture automobile companies, China's automobile industry is no longer short of heavy and light. For ordinary Chinese people, cars are still expensive luxury goods. Reform and opening up have made Chinese people rich. Chinese people have never had such a strong desire to own cars
Mr. Fu Yuwu, who personally witnessed the development of China's automobile industry and worked hard for the development of China's automobile industry, told the Beijing Youth Daily, "cars can't enter the family. The so-called development of the automobile industry is empty talk."
private capital has also seen a huge market space for cars. Although the state has strengthened the access restrictions on the automotive field, requiring the whole country to no longer approve automotive projects regardless of the composition of capital, the policy restrictions have not dispelled the determination of private cars and man-made vehicles. Geely, Chery, brilliance, Yueda, etc. enter the field of car manufacturing through shell purchase or stock exchange
in August of 1998, Geely pride, the first truly mass-produced model of Geely Automobile, was born. No matter how imperfect this car is, it really reflects the lofty sentiments of the first Geely Autobots. At the same time, because the price is cheap, it also meets the dream of Chinese people to own cars. Li Shufu, chairman of Geely Holding Group, started to spread his astonishing words about "a car is not just four wheels and two sofas"
in October 2000, the "suggestions of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on formulating the Tenth Five Year Plan for national economic and social development" adopted by the Fifth Plenary Session of the 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China for the first time included "encouraging cars to enter the family", and China's automobile industry has ushered in rapid development in a real sense
encouraged by national policies and forced by Geely, Chery and other self owned brand products, the then high-ranking joint ventures also began to face up to the car needs of ordinary people. The shrewd Shanghai GM seized the opportunity. In 2001, Buick sail officially went public and directly launched the banner of "family car". ABS, double airbags, 1.6L engine... The most important thing is that the price is 100000 yuan, which makes the whole market a sensation. With its excellent product strength and precise market positioning, sail became famous overnight, and the Buick brand, which was on the verge of disappearing in the United States, gained a new life in ChinaIn 2001, China joined the WTO. It seems that China has entered the era of all people's sedans overnight. Data show that in 2001, the Chinese market, with a population of 1.2 billion, produced only 700000 cars, while the annual output of the U.S. market in the same period was 15million. However, in the second year of China's entry into the WTO (2002), China's car production increased to 1.1 million. In addition, after China's accession to the WTO, China has gradually liberalized the access restrictions on foreign-funded automobile companies. Almost the world's mainstream automobile manufacturers have jointly built factories in China, including Ford, Mercedes Benz, BMW, Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Renault, Hyundai, Fiat, etc. At the same time, Chinese automobile enterprises have begun to go abroad to absorb foreign technology and grow through the acquisition of foreign automobile enterprises
in 2007, China's automobile industry reached a new peak. The sales volume of the national passenger car market reached 5million, of which self owned brand models accounted for about 30%
change: the real rise of independent brands
although independent brands began to emerge around 2000, at that time, they were more reverse R & D, wandering in the low-end market, and the real rise was in the last decade
2009, the American financial storm sweeping the world made the three major automobile groups such as general motors, Ford and Chrysler close to bankruptcy, and the automobile manufacturers in European countries are also in danger. At this time, China's State Council issued the plan for the adjustment and revitalization of the automobile industry, and issued a series of policies to encourage automobile consumers. For example, the purchase tax is halved, that is, the national tax rate on the purchase of vehicles with a displacement of 1.6 liters or less is adjusted from 10% to 5%
with the introduction of the policy, China's auto market has entered a golden age lasting for 10 years. In 2019, China's automobile production and sales were 13.791 million and 13.645 million respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 48.3% and 46.15%. Among them, the production and sales of passenger cars were 10.3838 million and 10.3313 million respectively, with a year-on-year increase of 54.11% and 52.93% respectively. China overtook the United States for the first time and officially became the world's largest new car market
in the huge market, independent brands have also obtained further development space with tenacious efforts. On the road of China's automobile industry, they have each walked out of a beautiful track, making China's automobile industry have independent platform technology and new energy vehicle technology close to the world's advanced level, and making China's independent brand automobile industry get rid of the hat of backward technology
in 2010, Geely Hao invested US $1.8 billion to acquire Volvo passenger car business. Volvo, which was acquired by Geely, continued to operate independently as a luxury brand, turning losses into profits in the first year after the acquisition, with a profit of US $240million in 2011. Geely's acquisition of Volvo is also regarded as the most successful international enterprise merger and acquisition. Geely has been enjoying the "hand chopping party" by acquiring British manganese copper holdings and closing