The rise of the hottest high-end equipment manufac

2022-08-04
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The development of high-end equipment manufacturing industry determines whether China can realize the strategic transformation from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power. The national target for emerging industries is to strive to achieve about 15% of the added value of strategic emerging industries in GDP by 2020. To achieve the target of 15%, among the seven strategic emerging industries, the policy will support and develop the high-end equipment manufacturing industry as the future pillar industry of the national economy. In the decision of the State Council on accelerating the cultivation and development of strategic emerging industries issued on october18,2010, the scope of high-end equipment manufacturing was clearly defined: aviation equipment dominated by trunk and feeder aircraft and general aircraft, satellite and its application industry, high-speed rail and urban rail transit equipment, marine engineering equipment, and intelligent manufacturing equipment

trunk and branch line aircraft manufacturing ――

climbing the commanding height of high-end manufacturing

aircraft routes are mainly divided into trunk lines and branch lines, and trunk lines are routes between major cities; Branch lines are routes other than these trunk lines. Trunk line aircraft generally use large aircraft with large passenger capacity and range. Large aircraft mainly refer to large transport aircraft with a gross takeoff weight of more than 100 tons or passenger aircraft with more than 150 seats; Regional airplanes are mainly passenger planes with a gross takeoff weight of between tons and seats. The world's largest aircraft is the air microcomputer controlled electro-hydraulic servo universal experimental machine, which is mainly used for metal and non-metal stretching, tightening and zigzag experiments. Its takeoff weight has reached 560 tons. At present, China is still unable to manufacture aircraft with a takeoff weight of more than 100 tons. The only regional aircraft ARJ21 in China is still in airworthiness certification and is expected to be delivered in 2012

as the commanding height of the equipment manufacturing industry, aviation manufacturing, especially large aircraft manufacturing, has become the top priority of China's high-end equipment manufacturing support. The large aircraft project has been officially launched since 2007. As one of the 16 major projects for China's medium and long-term development (in), it includes two major projects: large transport aircraft and large passenger aircraft. Ian Fuller, vice president of business development and engineering of the company, told reinforced plastics that the large transport aircraft project was undertaken by AVIC, while the large passenger aircraft project was undertaken by COMAC. COMAC was formally established in 2008. Its senior executives include one member of the Central Committee and two alternate members of the Central Committee, which fully proves the importance the state attaches to large aircraft projects and the consideration of the decision-making level on the requirements of coordination and resource integration from the national strategic level

we estimate that the investment in the R & D and trial production of the large aircraft project alone will be as high as 50billion yuan. The project will span three five-year plans: during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the work will focus on the early-stage preparation, key technology research and conceptual design of the large aircraft project; During the 12th Five Year Plan period, large aircraft model design test, trial production and first flight were carried out. In addition, large military transport aircraft are expected to be delivered for use; During the 13th Five Year Plan period, the airworthiness certificate of the large passenger aircraft C919 was obtained and began to be put on the market. Currently, the first regional aircraft ARJ21 of COMAC is undergoing airworthiness certification and is expected to be put into the market in 2012; AVIC's large transport aircraft is expected to fly for the first time in 2013 and be put into operation in 2014; COMAC's C919 will fly for the first time in 2014 and will be delivered to customers in 2016

whether for military or civilian use, the future market space for large aircraft is very broad: it is estimated that the demand for large military transport aircraft will exceed 500 by 2020, and the sales revenue is expected to exceed 100 billion yuan; Considering the demand of China's civil aviation market, the future sales of C919 will be at least 1000 vehicles, and the sales revenue will exceed 250billion yuan. In the future, with the gradual development of aircraft manufacturing into a strategic pillar industry with competitive advantages in China, the upstream and downstream industrial chains of aviation manufacturing will undoubtedly obtain huge development opportunities, mainly involving aircraft assembly, engine manufacturing, aircraft parts manufacturing, Avionics Communication product manufacturing, aviation materials and other industries

general aircraft manufacturing ―

flying to the sky of high-end consumption

the so-called general aviation refers to all activities using civil aviation aircraft except the passenger and cargo transportation activities of public transport flights. General purpose aircraft are mainly divided into four categories: helicopter, piston aircraft, turboprop aircraft and jet aircraft. In terms of use, about 50% of the world's general-purpose aircraft are private aircraft and 10% are business aircraft; Therefore, general aviation is a game for the rich in a sense

the total number of general-purpose aircraft in the world is about 340000, including 220000 in the United States. However, by the end of 2009, there were only more than 900 general-purpose aircraft in China, which was far below the level of developed countries and even developing countries such as Brazil. According to Hurun wealth report, the number of billionaires in China has exceeded 50000, and demand is not a factor behind development; The bottleneck of the backward development of China's general aviation is that China's low altitude airspace has not been fully liberalized. In addition, the small number and low density of airports and the backward infrastructure also restrict the development of China's general aviation

with the issuance of the guiding opinions on the reform of low altitude airspace management and the inclusion of general aviation manufacturing in the 11th Five Year Plan for emerging industries, the restriction of low altitude airspace policy on the general aviation industry will become history. China also intends to encourage the purchase of general aircraft, so as to keep high-end consumption in China, drive the development of a series of domestic industries, and provide more relevant jobs. According to the guiding opinions on reform, low altitude opening-up will need to be gradually opened up at different levels and in different regions in the future. In the future, pilot projects in Beijing, Lanzhou and other five regions will be added. We expect to expand the pilot area to provinces or even larger areas soon, and it is expected to achieve nationwide liberalization in 2015

the development of general aviation industry in the next decade will be divided into two stages. We believe that the development of China's general aviation in the next decade can be divided into two stages: the first stage, during the 12th Five Year Plan period, is in the market preparation and accumulation period: the opening of low airspace first requires the gradual improvement of the airport, air traffic control and aviation fuel; General aviation operation business will also be carried out directly; As the market segment is relatively mature, foreign brand general aviation aircraft will occupy more than half of the country during this period, and the maintenance enterprises cooperating with foreign brands will directly benefit. The second stage: during the 13th Five Year Plan period, domestic general aircraft manufacturers gradually accumulated and gradually launched new products through cooperation with foreign parties. Domestic aviation manufacturing will catch up from behind and gradually go abroad in line with international standards

we predict that the market capacity of China's general aviation aircraft demand will reach 150billion yuan in, which will drive the development of a series of industries, such as navigation operation and maintenance, airport and air traffic control facilities, general aircraft assembly, and domestic aircraft core component manufacturing

satellite and its application industry ―

Beidou navigation is carried out step by step

according to the planning contents of the white papers of China's space in 2000 and 2006, the strategy for China's space development is to give priority to the development of applied satellites and satellite applications, moderately develop manned space and lunar exploration, and actively support space scientific exploration. Undoubtedly, the development order of satellites has been placed at the top of other major space science and technology projects

the 11th Five Year Plan for aerospace development in 2007 proposed that satellite applications should be transformed from experimental applications to business services. In addition, several opinions on promoting the development of the satellite application industry in the same year proposed to increase support for the satellite application industry, and detailed relevant policies: for important industrial fields involving the national economy and public security, it is necessary to gradually transition to the service system of Beidou satellite navigation compatible with other satellite navigation systems, Other industries and fields are encouraged to adopt the service system that Beidou satellite navigation is compatible with other satellite navigation systems

according to the plan, China's Beidou satellite navigation system will be divided into three steps: the first step is to build a Beidou satellite navigation test system composed of three satellites from, becoming the third country in the world to have an autonomous satellite navigation system; The second step is to launch more than 10 satellites to build the Beidou satellite navigation system by 2012, forming the coverage capacity of China and its surrounding areas; The third step is to build a global satellite navigation system with global coverage capacity formed by 5 geostationary orbit satellites and 30 non geostationary orbit satellites around 2020

the satellite industry chain is mainly divided into four aspects: satellite manufacturing, satellite launching, ground equipment and satellite application. In the early stage of the 12th Five Year Plan, China will launch more than a dozen Beidou II satellites in succession. In the later stage, the group of Beidou III will begin. The next decade will be the peak of the group of Beidou II and Beidou III. We believe that with the acceleration of China's satellite launch in, the satellite industry chain will benefit as a whole, of which the satellite manufacturing and launching industries will benefit most directly. In addition, manufacturers of key components for satellite manufacturing will also share the growth of China's satellite launch volume, and the demand for satellite navigation chips and modules, satellite navigation simulators and time synchronization systems will also usher in a new round of growth

after 2012, with the increase in the number of on orbit satellites in China, China's satellite operation and application will usher in a new turning point. The global satellite operation and application industry mainly includes satellite communication, remote sensing and navigation. At present, China's satellite navigation and is in a critical period of industrialization. The application of satellite remote sensing is exploring the road of commercial development, and the application industry of satellite communication and broadcasting has begun to take shape. On the whole, the short-term satellite navigation market opportunity is closer

in 2006, the total output value of China's satellite navigation industry exceeded 10 billion yuan, the annual sales volume of user terminals exceeded 1 million, and the number of personal navigation terminals exceeded the number of vehicle navigation terminals. It is estimated that the total output value of China's navigation industry will reach 50billion yuan in 2010. In 2008, the income of the US satellite industry chain has reached trillion yuan in RMB. After 2020, Beidou satellite can cover the world. At that time, the income of China's satellite industry chain is expected to reach the level of trillion yuan of the US satellite industry in 2008. As the peak of beidou-2 launch is approaching, we believe that the three major directions of satellite application will promote the healthy, continuous and rapid development of the industry. Satellite navigation will usher in rapid development from operation, navigation terminal to application system, and even the electronic navigation map industry

urban rail transit equipment ――

near the local and far away from the overseas

according to the medium and long term development plan of China Railway, by 2020, in order to meet the rapidly growing passenger transport demand, a rapid passenger transport corridor between provincial capital cities and large and medium-sized cities will be established, and four vertical and four horizontal railway rapid passenger transport corridors and four intercity rapid passenger transport systems will be planned. The target speed of passenger cars will reach 200 kilometers per hour and above

in 2009, the mileage of high-speed railway in China has reached 6552 kilometers; According to China's railway planning, 42 passenger dedicated lines will be built in China by 2012, with a total mileage of 13000 km; By 2020, more than 16000 kilometers of passenger dedicated lines will be built. At present, the maximum speed of high-speed rail in China has exceeded 400 kilometers per hour

according to the investment plan announced at the national railway work conference in January 2010, the railway investment in 2010 will reach 823.5 billion yuan, including 700billion yuan for capital construction, an increase of 16.7% over 2009. It is estimated that from 2010 to 2012, the peak of China's railway construction, the total investment will be maintained at least at the level of 800billion yuan

at present, high-speed rail equipment manufacturing has gradually become China's dominant industry. China's high-speed rail industry has won overseas orders for many times, and has realized the transformation of export regions from developing countries to developed countries. Infrastructure industry in the early stage of high-speed rail construction

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